Nepal Medical Council(NMC)
It was at the time of the First All Nepal Medical Conference in 1963 that the Nepal Medical Association (NMA) requested by way of a resolution to HMG/N that a Nepal Medical Council Act and a Drug Control Act be passed. The Nepal Medical Council Act was ultimately passed in February, 1964. A notification which appeared in the Nepal Gazette of Bhadra 28th, 2022 BS stated:
Under the powers delegated by Subclause (3) of Clause (1) of the Nepal Medical Council Act, 2020 BS, His Majesty's Government has enforced the following Clauses 2,3,4,5,6,7,8, 10,11,12, 31,32 and 33.
The Council consisted initially of nine members viz. four elected by the NMA, and three nominated. The President of NMA was ex-officio member and the Director of Health Services was the first Chairman. The same notification went on to state that Mr. Bimal Raj Basnyat, then a section officer in the Health Services was the Registrar of the Council.
The first amendment to the Act was in 2044 BS when the composition was enlarged to 17 members with Dean of the IOM being ex-officio member. It also had more elected members than nominated, with a nominated lay person as a member too. A second amendment to the Act was in 2047 BS. The Nepal Medical Council has passed a Code of Ethics which all doctors who register are required to sign and then subsequently keep as guidance for behaviour in their future practices. Proposal for further amendments to the Act in view of the increased number of medical schools and also because of the starting of post graduate education is in process. Guidelines regarding the establishment of medical and dental colleges, forms if internship, have been laid down.
In celebrating the thirty years of its establishment, the NMC together with the NMA held on 13th & 14th Sept. '95, a two day seminar with the theme "Medical Education for the coming Century" On the subsequent two days a workshop on "Policy and the Development of Medical Education" was also conducted. A book entitled Medical Education in Nepal was brought out on the occasion. A third amendment of the Act increased the membership to twenty five. A subsequent change in the act has made it 19.
* To determine the qualification of doctors and to provide registration certificate by taking licensing examination for new doctors.
* To give recognition to medical institutions for providing formal studies in medical science and training.
* To formulate policies related to curriculum, admission, term and examination system of teaching institute of medical education and to make recommendation for cancellation of registration and approved by renewing and evaluating such system/procedure.
* To formulate necessary policies and to make Code of Conduct to run doctors profession smoothly.
* Active participation in making National Health Policy.