Located in Beijing, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences (CACMS) was established in 1955 and previously named as China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine (CATCM). It is a national comprehensive institution for scientific research, clinical medicine and medical education on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which is directly under the leadership of the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine (SATCM), PRC. The president of CACMS currently in office is Zhang Boli, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.
At present, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences is the largest research organization on TCM throughout the country, which has all the necessary disciplines of TCM, advanced equipment and solid scientific research strength. In the Academy, there are 13 institutes, 6 hospitals, as well as the Graduate School, the Publishing House of Ancient Chinese Medical Books and the Journal of TCM, etc. The staff of CACMS, in total, is over 4,000, including 3,200 professionals in various fields. Among them, more than 900 are holding different senior professional titles. In addition, 3 WHO collaborating centers for traditional medicine have been set up through the cooperation and joint efforts between WHO and CACMS in the fields of clinical medicine and information, acupuncture and Chinese materia medica. Moreover, the World Federation of Acupuncture and Moxibustion Societies (WFAS), the Chinese Association of Integration of Traditional and Western Medicine (CAIM) and the Chinese Association of Acupuncture and Moxibustion (CAAM) are also attached to the Academy.
To carry out the scientific research on TCM is the leading mission of the Academy. Over the past 50 years, remarkable achievements have been obtained in the Academy in the fields of basic theory of TCM, prevention and treatment of prevalent diseases and R&D for new herbal medicines. By the end of 2004, nearly 900 achievements have been made, among which nearly 300 achievements have been awarded on the national and ministerial levels. Concurrently, there are 482 ongoing projects above the Academy level, including 200 projects to be supported by the national fund and 258 by the Health Ministry and the State Administration. In addition, the National Clinical Trial Center for New Herbal Medicines (GCP), the National Standardization Laboratory for Chinese Herbal Pharmacology, China Center for TCM Literature Retrieval and P3 Laboratory, the national Center for Evaluation on Safety of Herbal Medicines (GLP) and the National Development Research Center for Herbal Compound Medicine are all located in the Academy.
A high quality medical service is provided in CACMS for patients both from home and abroad, on the basis of bringing the unique characteristics and features of TCM therapy into full play. There are more than 1,500 beds in total in CACMS.Xi Yuan Hospital and Guang An Men Hospital, affiliated to CACMS, are categorized as the highest level TCM hospitals and the national TCM model hospitals. Wang Jing Hospital, another affiliated hospital of CACMS, is a general hospital with the main features laid on Chinese orthopedics and traumatology. And the Eye Hospital is a specialized hospital treating eye diseases with both TCM and western therapies. All of these hospitals have gained a high reputation both at home and abroad for their abundant experiences and excellent therapeutic effects in the fields of treating various kind of diseases, such as: cardio-vascular diseases, geriatric diseases, diabetes, anorectic diseases, skin diseases and urologic diseases, etc.
CACMS is also an important educational base for training senior professionals on TCM throughout the country. It has been authorized to issue master’s degrees and doctor’s degrees in all of the disciplines of TCM, which are classified into all of the 3 first-class subjects of TCM, namely, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), Chinese materia medica, and the Intergrated Traditional and Western Medicine (TCM-WM). Also, it has been authorized to issue academic degrees for those working in clinical medicine and for those at their posts applying for degrees. Postdoctoral stations have been sep up in all of the 3 first-class subjects of TCM in the Academy.
The library of CACMS has the largest and most extensive collection of books and journals on TCM in the country, among which over 20,000 volumes of books are rare and precious editions. The Traditional Chinese Medical History Museum in the Academy, with more than 3,000 pieces of collected historical relics, is a specialized professional museum, which contains the biggest collection of TCM relics in China.
Various kinds of nationwide academic journals and periodicals on TCM are published in CACMS. “The Journal of TCM”, “The Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine”, “China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica”, “Chinese Journal of Acupuncture “, “Acupuncture Research”, “China Journal of Orthopedics and Thaumatology”, “Chinese Journal of Medical History”, “Chinese Journal Information on TCM”, and “China Journal of Basic Medicine of TCM” are some of those that exerted fairly good influence both at home and abroad.
As an important window of external cooperation and exchange of TCM, extensive and friendly communications and links have been established between CACMS and the medical circles, research institutions, higher learning universities, pharmaceutical companies and non-governmental societies of more than 100 foreign countries and regions. Now, CACMS enjoys more and more popularity in the medical circle of traditional medicines throughout the world.